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Altogether it may be stated that music can be used as a simple, cost-efficient and effective intervention in obstetrics, even though specification of the intervention options and modes of action still require further research.

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Music could be used significantly more often as a form of intervention by doctors, midwives and expectant mothers and appears to be an exclusively positive method of rendering the experience of pregnancy and childbirth more pleasant. In everyday practice of hospitals and of gynaecologists in private practice, music is currently only mentioned in isolated cases as a treatment alternative and against the background of better known interventions such as massage, acupuncture and aroma oil therapy, for example, often tends to be neglected as a treatment option.

At the moment, there is still no systematic study available on the frequency of use of music interventions in the daily routine of obstetrics, for which reason it is difficult to undertake a clear classification of the use of, and attitude towards, music in day-to-day obstetric practice. Altogether is would be desirable that music would be offered and used more often in everyday clinical practice in order to allow expectant mothers an as pleasant birth experience as possible.

The authors would like to thank the Else-Kroener-Fresenius Foundation for their financial support. Musik kann in vielen Bereichen des Lebens das physiologische und psychische Befinden beeinflussen. Sie kann zur Erzeugung bestimmter Emotionen genutzt werden und je nach Stilrichtung Anspannung, Stimmung und kognitive Leistung beeinflussen 1. Dies zeigt die Bandbreite, in der Musik im medizinischen Bereich eine positive Wirkung haben kann, um die mit Stress und Angst verbundenen Eingriffe angenehmer zu gestalten.

In diesen Studien konnte gezeigt werden, dass Musik einen positiven Einfluss auf das Stresserleben und das Wohlbefinden der werdenden Mutter hat und so als unkompliziertes Mittel zur Stress- und Schmerzreduktion sowie zur Steigerung der Zufriedenheit genutzt werden kann.

Shobeiri und Kollegen 22 konnten in einer Studie die positive Wirkung von Musiktherapie auf schwangerschaftsbedingte Schlafprobleme zeigen. Zu Beginn des Interventionszeitraums nahmen die Frauen der Experimentalgruppe zwischen der Die Kontrollgruppe zeigte diese Effekte nicht. In Bezug auf die psychische Gesundheit von schwangeren Frauen scheinen Musikinterventionen ebenfalls einen positiven Effekt zu haben.

Die positive Wirkung von Musik auf das psychosoziale Stressniveau sowie auf das Stressempfinden, insbesondere in Bezug auf Aspekte der Schwangerschaft, zeigte eine andere Studie von Chang und Kollegen In der Es zeigte sich, dass die Frauen in der Interventionsgruppe signifikant weniger Stress empfanden als diejenigen in der Kontrollgruppe. Sie teilten Schwangere, die sich mindestens in der CTG mehr Bewegungen als diejenigen, die einer vibroakustischen Stimulation ausgesetzt waren. Schwangerschaftsmonat durch.

Eine Kontrollgruppe zeigte diese Form der Entlastung nicht. Um den Frauen die Situation der Operation zu erleichtern und den damit verbundenen Stress zu mindern, untersuchten mehrere Studien den Einfluss von Musik bei Sectio caesarea.


In allen anderen Parametern zeigten sich keine signifikanten Unterschiede zwischen den Gruppen. Insgesamt deuten die Ergebnisse von Li und Dong somit auf einen positiven Effekt der Musik sowohl auf subjektive als auch auf objektive Parameter hin. Es zeigten sich jedoch keine Unterschiede zwischen der Interventions- und Kontrollgruppe. Diese unterschied sich ebenfalls nicht zwischen den Gruppen. In den physiologischen Messwerten zeigten sich jedoch keine Unterschiede zwischen den Gruppen. Nahezu alle publizierten Studien Tab.

National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. Published online Sep Nora K.

Einführung in Musiktherapie

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract In recent years, the effect of music interventions and music therapy has experienced increased attention in the literature. Key words: music, pregnancy, spontaneous delivery, caesarean section, relaxation. Zusammenfassung In den letzten Jahren wurde die Wirkung von Musikinterventionen und Musiktherapie in der Literatur vermehrt dargestellt. Introduction In many areas of life, music can have an effect on physiological and mental health.

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Music During Pregnancy Pregnancy is an eventful time for expectant mothers and many psychological and physiological changes take place during this period. Music During Spontaneous Delivery The birth of a child and the pain of contractions associated with labour are one of the most painful experiences in the life of a woman Music During Caesarean Sections Even though the majority of women have the wish to deliver spontaneously, in Germany Discussion Almost all published studies Table 1 suggest that music interventions or the use of adjuvant music therapy during pregnancy and childbirth can be used as an effective aid for relaxation and pain reduction.

Open in a separate window. Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the Else-Kroener-Fresenius Foundation for their financial support. The effects of different types of music on mood, tension, and mental clarity. Altern Ther Health Med. The effect of music on the human stress response. PLoS One. Relaxing music prevents stress-induced increases in subjective anxiety, systolic blood pressure, and heart rate in healthy males and females.

J Music Ther. Effects of relaxing music on salivary cortisol level after psychological stress. Ann N Y Acad Sci. Music can facilitate blood pressure recovery from stress. Br J Health Psychol. Music as an aid for postoperative recovery in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nilsson U. The anxiety-and pain-reducing effects of music interventions: a systematic review.

AORN J. The effects of patient-preferred music on anticipatory anxiety, post-procedural burn pain and relaxation level. Eur J Integr Med. Randomised controlled trial of music on state anxiety and physiological indices in patients undergoing root canal treatment.

J Clin Nurs. The effect of self-selected music during colonoscopy on anxiety, heart rate, and blood pressure. Applied Nursing Research. Sedative music reduces anxiety and pain during chair rest after open-heart surgery. Prenatal stressors of human life affect fetal brain development.

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Music in Obstetrics: An Intervention Option to Reduce Tension, Pain and Stress

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